One of the great joys in making building forms is coming upon a form that is both lovely and efficient. Imagine the joy when this shape is also a donut. Mmm . . . donuts. Firmness, Commodity and Delight, a true Vitruvian joy.
Many starchitects have found and exploited the characteristics of the donut, also known as the torus, for various projects. Using the natural parameterization of the surface, a torus or toroidal section can be broken up into 4 sided panels that are all entirely flat and identical to each other in bands along the surface.
In this video, I’ll show in mere seconds how to make the basic layout of a parametric toroidal section and panelize it to demonstrate certain structural efficiencies.